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《全民新聞台》[國際新聞]德國議會通過決議 4月起將娛樂用大麻合法化


德國議會通過決議 4月起將娛樂用大麻合法化

[2024年2月24日]

德國議會通過決議 4月起將娛樂用大麻合法化


德國議會上周五通過決議,將於4月起將大麻合法化。


根據新法案,每人每日可以合法持有最多25克大麻德國並在家中種植最多3棵大麻植物,但18歲以下人士仍禁止持有及使用,此舉將使德國擁有歐洲其中一套最開放的大麻法例,同時期馬爾他及盧森堡亦分別於2021及2023年將娛樂用大麻合法化。


新法例雖然面臨醫學界及反對派的強烈反對,但衛生部長勞特巴赫指現行情況未能解決問題,認為是時候改革。他表示,大麻若繼續經黑市取得,可能會混入其他有毒物質,危害民眾健康,此舉致力將大麻事業合法化及規範化。


The German parliament voted in favour on Friday of legalizing the possession and controlled cultivation of cannabis starting in April. The new law will allow individuals to obtain up to 25 grams of cannabis per day for personal use through regulated associations. It will also permit citizens to grow up to three cannabis plants at home.


However, possession and use will remain prohibited for anyone under 18 years old. Health Minister Karl Lauterbach had called on MPs to back the controversial bill, arguing the current situation with unregulated cannabis on the black market poses unacceptable health risks, especially for young people.


The opposition CDU party disagreed, with Simone Borchardt claiming the new law will only increase health dangers. She accused the three governing coalition parties of prioritizing ideology over public health. Debates around the new cannabis legislation have caused tensions within Chancellor Olaf Scholz's governing alliance of Social Democrats, Greens and liberal FDP.


Their original pledge was to go further by legalizing cannabis sales in shops, but the EU rejected this. Medical groups have also widely criticized the bill. Public opinion in Germany is divided on the issue, according to a YouGov poll, with 47% in support and 42% against the government's plan. The new rules are scheduled to take effect from April.


文 : 蘇菲


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